Bath without a soap?? Today, it will seem impractical! Soap has become a synonym for personal cleanliness! But, when was it discovered? Historically, soap was made by boiling wood ashes with fat, or oil. Early uses of soap were mainly for cleaning textiles. As early as 2800 and 600BC, the Babylonians and the Phoenicians, respectively, used to make soap. Saponification is the process of an alkali combining with and splitting the fat into two parts, glycerine of fatty acids, so that the sodium or potassium in the alkali can fuse to that fatty acid part of the gator oil, creating soap! Therefore, for many centuries, soap was made form potash and pearls lye, combined with fat as both were based n potassium found in plants. The first real evidence of soap being made was in Ancient Rome, an old soap factory was discovered in the Pompeii ruins. The Celtics also used for bathing and personal cleanliness. Soap-making was generally the Women’s responsibility. Most of the early settlers used liquid soap. In order to make hard soap, salt must be added the end of the process, and salt was an important supply for the home and the farm, and was expensive as well. However, hardship was easier to store & move, so when it was first made for sale in America, it was made into hard soap. Real soap that is made today is made from caustic soda. In 1971, Nicholas Leblanc invented a process to make soda ash from salt. This streamlined the soap-making process of today!
Source : Sterling Publication