Food is our common ground a universal experience. First we eat then we do everything else. But "The joy and satisfaction of a meal is equal to the passion and effort given to its preparation."
From the ancient times different regions had differently unique cuisines of their own. Some of the cuisines like Chinese, Indian and Italian have been the most influential of all. For example, French cuisine is the world’s best cuisine for being healthy, tasty and innovative ingredients. So what are the world’s best cuisines and the most popular in the world? Here’s the list…
10. United States
The United States of America is often called "the melting pot of the world". America’s cooking is as diverse as our population. The USA cooking pot contains a blend of cuisines from many countries. The term "American cooking" is used to loosely define a collection of traditional dishes that have gained popularity across the USA. The cooking styles of the Native American people and European cooking blended into a wide array of rich culinary customs. The cuisine varies across regions and mainly consists of fish, crabs, oats, turkey, red meat, meat oil, molasses, bacon, pork, chicken and other bread products.
Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world including most Asian nations. The history of Chinese cuisine in China stretches back for thousands of years and has changed from period to period and in each region according to climate, imperial fashions, and local preferences. Over time, techniques and ingredients from the cuisines of other cultures were integrated into the cuisine of the Chinese people due both to imperial expansion and from the trade with nearby regions in pre-modern times, and from Europe and the New World in the modern period. The "Eight Culinary Cuisines" of China are Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, and Zhejiang cuisines. The staple foods of Chinese cooking include rice, noodles, vegetables, and sauces and seasonings.
Thai cuisine is one of the most popular cuisines in the world. In 2011, seven of Thailand's popular dishes appeared on the list of the "World's 50 Most Delicious Foods (Readers' Pick)"— a worldwide online poll of 35,000 people by CNN Travel. Thailand had more dishes on the list than any other country. They were: tom yam goong (4th), pad Thai (5th), som tam (6th), massaman curry (10th), green curry (19th), Thai fried rice (24th) and moo nam tok (36th). Thai cooking places emphasis on lightly prepared dishes with strong aromatic components and a spicy edge. It is known for its complex interplay of at least three and up to four or five fundamental taste senses in each dish or the overall meal: sour, sweet, salty, bitter, and spicy. Thai cuisine is one of the most popular cuisines in the world for its taste, great textured foods, medicinal values, beautiful aroma and flavour. Dishes such as tom yam goong, pad Thai, som tam, massaman curry, Thai fried rice, green curry and moo nam tok are considered world’s most popular and delicious foods. Thai food is not just about fried and fast foods but it’s more about healthy rich medicinal elements and powerful ingredients.
Japanese cuisine has developed through centuries of social and economic changes, and encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan. The perfect balance of rice, noodles, meats, vegetables and fruits in the Japanese dishes makes it healthy and a balanced diet. The traditional cuisine of Japan is based on rice with miso soup and other dishes, with an emphasis on seasonal ingredients. Side dishes often consist of fish, pickled vegetables, and vegetables cooked in broth. Apart from rice, staples include noodles, such as soba and udon. Japan has many simmered dishes such as fish products in broth called oden, or beef in sukiyaki and nikujaga. Historically, the Japanese shunned meat, but with the modernization of Japan in the 1880s, meat-based dishes such as tonkatsu became common. Japan has an indigenous form of sweets called wagashi , which include ingredients such as red bean paste, as well as its indigenous rice wine sake. Japanese cuisine, particularly sushi, has now become popular throughout the world. As of 2011, Japan overtook France in number of Michelin starred restaurants and has maintained the title since. Japanese foods are tasty, healthy and balanced. In short, the cuisine is considered one of the healthiest cuisines in the world.
Indian cuisine encompasses a wide variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate, culture, ethnic group and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from each other and use locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. Indian food is also heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices and traditions. There has also been Central Asian influence on North Indian cuisine from the years of Mughal rule. Indian cuisine has been and is still evolving, as a result of the nation's cultural interactions with other societies. Historical incidents such as foreign invasions, trade relations and colonialism have also played a role in introducing certain foods to the country. For instance, the potato, a staple of the diet in some regions of India, was brought to India by the Portuguese, who also introduced chillies and breadfruit. Indian cuisine has also shaped the history of international relations; the spice trade between India and Europe is often cited by historians as the primary catalyst for Europe's Age of Discovery. Spices were bought from India and traded around Europe and Asia. It has also influenced other cuisines across the world, especially those from Southeast Asia, the British Isles, Fiji, and the Caribbean. Some of the common ingredients of the cuisines are rice, wheat, vegetables, spices, tomatoes, onions and diary products like milk and curd.
Turkish cuisine is largely the continuation of Ottoman cuisine and Balkan cuisines, which in turn borrowed many elements from Greek, Central Asian, Caucasian, Jewish, Middle Eastern, and Balkan cuisines. Turkish cuisine has in turn influenced those and other neighbouring cuisines, including those of Central and Western Europe. The Ottomans fused various culinary traditions of their realm with influences from Levantine cuisines, along with traditional Turkic elements from Central Asia, creating a vast array of specialities, many with strong regional associations. Turkish cuisine varies across the country. .Food in Turkey is considered serious and taste is given high importance. Turkish cuisine is one of world’s best and most influential cuisines for its rich heritage and historical culinary presence that has a mutual influence with Iranian cuisines.
Spanish cuisine as opposed to other national cuisines in Europe, is heavily influenced by regional cuisines and the particular historical processes that shaped culture and society in those territories. Geography and climate, had great influence on cooking methods and available ingredients, and these particularities are still present in the gastronomy of the various regions that make up the country. Spanish cuisine derives from a complex history, where invasions of the country and conquests of new territories modified traditions and made new ingredients available.Some of delicacies of Spanish cuisines include and not limited to spiced tortilla, Churros with chocolate dipping sauce, Spanish sardines on toast, Spanish chicken pie and chicken & chorizo rice pot. Spanish food provides you with rich delicious saucy healthy dishes that can leave you mouth-watering and craving for more.
Mexican cuisines are rich for its history and heritage. Mexican cuisine is primarily a fusion of indigenous Mesoamerican cooking with European, especially Spanish, elements added after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in the 16th century. The staples are native foods, such as corn, beans, avocados, tomatoes, and chili peppers, along with rice which was brought by the Spanish. Europeans introduced a large number of other foods, the most important of which were meats from domesticated animals, dairy products (especially cheese), and various herbs and spices. While the Spanish initially tried to impose their own diet on the country, this was not possible and eventually the foods and cooking techniques began to be mixed, especially in colonial era convents. African and Asian influences were also introduced into the mixture during this era as a result of African slavery in New Spain and the Manila-Acapulco Galleons. Mexican cuisine is an important aspect of the culture, social structure and popular traditions of Mexico. The most important example of this connection is the use of mole for special occasions and holidays, particularly in the South and Center regions of the country. For this reason and others, traditional Mexican cuisine was inscribed in 2010 on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots stretching to antiquity. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World and the introduction of potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century. Italian cuisines are all about its high quality ingredients, variety and aroma. They have more than 10,000 varieties of spaghetti and pizzas. They also include rich sea food variants. Italian cuisine is characterized by its simplicity, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Ingredients and dishes vary by region. Many dishes that were once regional, however, have proliferated with variations throughout the country. Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine, with many variations and Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) laws. Coffee, specifically espresso, has become important in Italian cuisine.
In the 14th century Guillaume Tirel, a court chef known as "Taillevent", wrote Le Viandier, one of the earliest recipe collections of medieval France. During that time, French cuisine was heavily influenced by Italian cuisine. In the 17th century, chefs François Pierre La Varenne and Marie-Antoine Carême spearheaded movements that shifted French cooking away from its foreign influences and developed France's own indigenous style. Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine, playing different roles regionally and nationally. French cuisine was codified in the 20th century by Auguste Escoffier to become the modern haute cuisine. Knowledge of French cooking has contributed significantly to Western cuisines and its criteria are used widely in Western cookery school boards and culinary education. In November 2010, French gastronomy was added by the UNESCO to its lists of the world's "intangible cultural heritage”. French cuisines are the worlds’ best in quality, variety and taste.