Address: Dashoguz Province, Turkmenistan
The Door to Hell(the Gates to Hell, the Crater of Fire, Darvaza Crater) is a natural gas field that collapsed into an underground cavern in 1971, becoming a natural gas crater. The actual name of Door to Hell is Derweze crater because it is located in Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan. Geologists set it on fire to prevent the spread of deadly methane gas, and it has been burning continuously since then. The diameter of the crater is 69 m, and its depth is 30 m.The gas reserves of the field is world’s largest gas reserve.
At night, the crater gives a beautiful sight. The sky is lit up by the light of the fire. The blast of hot air from the pit along with the roaring flames produce a mesmerizing effect.
The first person ever to set foot at the bottom of the crater was George Kourounis. He went down to gather extremophile microbes.
A visitor from Turkmenistan named Gozel Yazkulieva said that the pit has an uncanny ability to remind people of their sins and make them want to pray.
The site was identified by Soviet engineers in 1971. It was originally thought to be a substantial oil field site. The engineers set up a drilling rig and camp nearby, and started drilling operations to assess the quantity of oil available at the site. When they instead found gas, the ground beneath the drilling rig and camp collapsed into a wide crater and disappeared. Expecting dangerous releases of poisonous gases from the cavern into nearby towns, the engineers thought it best to burn the gas off. It was estimated that the gas would burn out within a few weeks, but it has instead continued to burn for more than four decades.he gas being burnt is much worse than Carbon Dioxide in its contributions to global warming. While the planet should preserve its places of oddity we must respect the environment.To this very day no-one knows where all of the gas is coming from and we may never understand quite how the "Door To Hell" kept burning for 44 years and still doesn't seem to go out of gas anytime soon...